Many people worry about the alcohol content of the tinctures. There are such minute quantities of alcohol that you get more alcohol converted from a teaspoon of sugar than from a dose of tincture. We have had alcoholics who use the tinctures with no throw back into alcoholism. The average dose of an average tincture is 4-8 drops for children and 10-15 drops for adults. These are suggested amounts and can vary according to individual needs. They should be used about 3 times daily but in some cases we use them hourly or every two hours for a day or two to stop a problem, i.e., 20-30 minutes for one to two hours, then every 3 hours or so. This is a report from a lady in Chicago whose daughter had a bad attack and it cleared in one hour. Tinctures are home remedies that have been used for centuries and are still being used. The Chinese learned to tincturate herbs 3-5000 years ago. The ancient Egyptians used them one to two thousand years B.C. Hippocrates, Gulen, Hanneran, and many other 17th and 18th century physicians used tinctures and herbal remedies for all types of disease and problems. In many countries today, herbal tinctures and remedies are the principle method of treating many maladies. I hope this has answered some of your questions and I do hope you have a very healthy and active life.